The history of the roulette game has an infinity of curious stories, as well as many myths related to this game. One of the casino games that literature and cinema have used the most in many of their most iconic works, as it is one of the most emblematic games with a long history behind it, which we will tell you about today.
The Origins of Roulette: 18th Century, France
The history of roulette originates in France. The first game of roulette dates back to the 18th century, although Blaise Pascal presented the first draft of this game a century earlier by chance, as he was looking to create a machine that performed perpetual motion.
It is believed that this game was born as a combination of other types of entertainment that were played traditionally. Roulette was born when games of chance were becoming increasingly popular.
There was also an interest in being able to place more bets which would offer higher returns to players. Something comes from the public that played these games during the French aristocracy. Within roulette history, the game is documented at the Palais-Royal in Paris in 1796, where the bank had 2 boxes reserved for it, creating an advantage for the bank.
But it was not until the 1800s that the color green began to be used for zero (0) and double (00), which is used today in American roulette games. European roulette and the French are more generous with the players as the bank has a smaller advantage.
The Adoption of Roulette in America
It was around these years when card games such as poker enjoyed all their splendor in the United States, specifically in the Mississippi River area, something that aroused the interest of its inhabitants for other games of chance, such as roulette. The first wheels in this region featured numbers ranging from 1 to 28, a zero (0), a double zero (00), and an eagle symbol.
As is currently the case in American roulette, the zero (0), the double zero (00), and the eagle gave the house an advantage over the players. However, the eagle symbol remained concise, as players did not believe they were being offered a fair deal within this game. After all, if the house had 3 of the 31 available boxes, it offered an average payout of 90%, reducing the profits of those who participated in this game.
19th Century Changes
In 1843, the brothers of French origin, Louis and François Blanc went a step further to differentiate themselves from the competition, presenting a roulette wheel with a single green zero (0) in Bad Homburg, Germany. An innovation that persists today and allows players to win more easily.
Do not forget that during the 1860s, the casino businesses were located in the city of Monte Carlo due to the time restrictions in Europe, a city to which the different suppliers and game inventors moved. Within that context, the Blanc family, who had run casino businesses in Germany, did the same in Monte Carlo. A place that was not only visited by the wealthy families who lived in the area but also by the tourists who visited the city every year.
19th Century Roulette Expansion
Although the game had reached many countries, it was not until the 19th century that its use became widespread, attracting a large number of players who wanted to make a profit playing roulette. In the United States, the game was accessible to all social classes. Likewise, the casinos established their own rules and limits on their offered games. However, since it was not a very good time for gambling due to the restrictions set then, many of these casinos were hidden or in places that only a few knew about.
Another thing that worried the players of these times was that the wheel itself was not visible from the area where they were placed. What made many of them suspicious of the game is something unthinkable today, as the roulette wheel is visible at all times, and systems are used that guarantee that the result is reliable in each spin.
Although these weak points of the game at that time were taken advantage of by the house, many players used them in their favor. All these small details quickly caught the eye, changing the area where the plate and its mechanism were located, offering a more transparent game.
The 20th Century Evolution of Roulette and the Move to Digital World
At the beginning of the 20th century, it was still quite difficult to access a game of this type that was legal outside the big cities, which had legislation for them, such as Las Vegas or Monte Carlo.
However, in the 1970s, many of the capitals of countries worldwide began to offer regulations for games of chance, which quickly spread to casinos and game rooms. These places provided various games such as blackjack, baccarat, roulette, or dice.
For two decades, the popularity of these establishments and games spread, which, with the creation of the Internet and its subsequent extension, led to the creation of online gaming portals. The first online casino appeared in 1996. Although it was an innovation then, it only had a few limited slot games and a few blackjack tables. Roulette games took a little longer to be incorporated into newer online casinos.
Things have changed a lot since the first perpetual motion machine was created. Currently, the players of these games can place their bets and enjoy various games and modalities from their PC, smartphone, or tablet from home at any time and day since these services are offered 24 hours a whole week around.
But progress has not stopped here. Online casinos continue to work on adding the latest innovations, such as live casino games. A new modality that brings players closer to traditional casino games by having the figure of a croupier and real elements from a studio owned by the casino or a physical casino.
The Modern Casino Roulette Game
Users who play casino roulette games online have never been able to enjoy so many options when it comes to betting. For example, today, we can make the so-called multiple luck bets.
In the game’s early days, players used to limit themselves to making bets on red, black, or even odd. The options that we find today are much broader, thanks to the multiple bets that we mentioned above.
In the same way, and thanks to the creativity of the developers of online games, we find games that have extraordinary bonuses or games that we can opt for during the game, increasing not only the chances of winning and having fun at the same time.